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Sturge-Weber Syndrome

How Is Sturge-Weber Syndrome Treated?

Treatment for Sturge-Weber syndrome is symptomatic. Laser treatment may be used to lighten or remove the birthmark. Anticonvulsant medications may be used to control seizures caused by the condition. Surgery may be required for the more serious cases of glaucoma associated with Sturge-Weber syndrome.
Physical therapy should be considered for infants and children with muscle weakness.
Educational therapy is often prescribed for those with mental retardation or developmental delays.
As part of Sturge-Weber syndrome treatment, doctors recommend yearly monitoring for glaucoma.

What Is the Prognosis?

Although it is possible for the birthmark and atrophy in the cerebral cortex to be present without symptoms of Sturge-Weber syndrome, most infants will develop convulsive seizures during their first year of life.
There is a greater likelihood of intellectual impairment when seizures start before the age of two and are resistant to treatment.
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