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Causes of Spinal Meningitis

Viral meningitis, which is typically a mild and non-lethal disease, is usually caused by enteroviruses -- common viruses that enter the body through the mouth and travel to the brain and surrounding tissues where they multiply. Enteroviruses are present in mucus, saliva, and feces and can be transmitted through direct contact with an infected person or an infected object or surface.
Other Viruses
Other viruses that cause viral meningitis include:

Causes of Spinal Meningitis: Fungal Infections

Many fungal infections can affect the brain. The most common form of fungal meningitis is caused by the fungus cryptococcus neoformans (found mainly in dirt and bird droppings).
Cryptococcal meningitis is common in AIDS patients. Although treatable, fungal meningitis often recurs in nearly half of affected people.
Know the Signs - Concussion Safety

What Is Meningitis?

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