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First Aid for Seizures

First Aid for Seizures: Calling for an Ambulance

Call for emergency assistance if:
  • The person is pregnant or has diabetes.
  • The seizure lasts longer than five minutes.
  • The person does not begin breathing again or does not return to consciousness after the seizure stops.
  • Another seizure starts before the person regains consciousness.
  • The person injures himself or herself during the seizure.
  • This is a first seizure or you think it might be. If in doubt, check to see if the person has a medical identification card or jewelry stating that he or she has epilepsy or a seizure disorder.

First Aid After the Seizure

After the seizure ends, the person will probably be groggy and tired. He or she also may have a headache and be confused or embarrassed.
Be patient with the person and try to help him or her find a place to rest if the person is tired or doesn't feel well. If necessary, offer to call a taxi, a friend, or a relative to help the person get home safely.
If you see someone having a non-convulsive seizure, remember that the person's behavior is not intentional. The person may wander aimlessly or make alarming or unusual gestures. You can help by following these guidelines:
  • Remove any dangerous objects from the area around the person or in his or her path
  • Don't try to stop the person from wandering, unless he or she is in danger
  • Don't shake the person or shout
  • Stay with the person until he or she is completely alert.
Know the Signs - Concussion Safety

Seizure Info

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