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Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Diagnosing Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Doctors may use a variety of tests, including brain scans (CT and MRI), a spinal tap or lumbar catheter, intracranial pressure monitoring, and neuropsychological tests, to help them diagnose normal pressure hydrocephalus and rule out other conditions.

Treatment Options for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Treatment for normal pressure hydrocephalus involves surgical placement of a shunt in the brain to drain excess CSF into the abdomen (stomach), where it can be absorbed. This shunt allows the brain ventricles to return to their normal size. Regular follow-up care by a physician is important in order to identify subtle changes that might indicate problems with the shunt.

Prognosis for Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

The symptoms of normal pressure hydrocephalus usually get worse over time if the condition is not treated, although some people may experience temporary improvements. While the success of treatment with a shunt varies from person to person, some people recover almost completely after treatment and have a good quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition improves the chance of a good recovery.
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