- Fungal infection
- An inflammatory disease such as lupus
- Some types of cancer
- A traumatic injury to the head or spine
- A reaction to certain medications or medical treatments.
Causes of Spinal Meningitis: Bacterial Meningitis
is a rare but potentially fatal disease. It can be caused by several types of bacteria that first cause an upper respiratory tract infection and then travel through the bloodstream to the brain. The disease can also occur when certain bacteria invade the meninges directly. The disease can block blood vessels in the brain, causing stroke
and permanent brain damage.
Pneumococcal meningitis is the most common form of meningitis and is the most serious form of bacterial meningitis. Some 6,000 cases of pneumococcal meningitis are reported in the United States each year. The disease is caused by the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae,
which also causes pneumonia
, blood poisoning (septicemia), and ear and sinus infections
. At particular risk are children under age two and adults with a weakened or depressed immune system. People who have had pneumococcal meningitis often suffer neurological damage ranging from deafness to severe brain damage.