Nervous System Home > Phenytoin
Phenytoin is a medication that is used for the treatment of certain kinds of seizures in people with epilepsy. While the drug cannot prevent epileptic seizures from occurring, it can help control seizures. Phenytoin, which is available by prescription, comes in several different forms, including chewable tablets, extended-release capsules, and an oral suspension. Side effects may include confusion, muscle coordination problems, and slurred speech.
- Complex partial seizures -- complex partial seizures involve decreased consciousness ("complex") and affect only one part of the brain ("partial")
- Generalized tonic-clonic seizures -- these seizures, which are also known as "grand mal" seizures, affect the whole brain ("generalized"), and involve muscle rigidity and contractions ("tonic-clonic")
- Seizures during brain surgery.