What Is Ethotoin Used For?
Your healthcare provider may recommend ethotoin if you have complex partial seizures or tonic-clonic seizures (grand mal seizures). It is approved for use when other medications have failed to adequately control seizures. This prescription drug works by preventing abnormal activity from spreading to other areas of the brain. There are also some off-label uses for ethotoin, such as treating other types of seizures.
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Ethotoin (Peganone®) is a prescription medication used for severe epilepsy when other medications have not adequately worked to prevent seizures. Specifically, ethotoin is approved to treat the following types of seizures:
- Complex partial seizures
- Tonic-clonic seizures (grand mal seizures).
Epilepsy is a neurological condition associated with abnormal electrical signaling in the brain. These abnormal electrical signals can lead to seizures. Therefore, epilepsy is sometimes called seizure disorder. A person can have a seizure and not have epilepsy. For example, alcohol withdrawal can cause seizures. For a person to be diagnosed with epilepsy, they must have at least two seizures not due to other medical causes.
In over half of all cases, the cause of epilepsy is unknown. When the cause is known, it may be one of the following:
- Other medical conditions, such as a stroke or Alzheimer's disease
- Head trauma
- A brain tumor or brain infection, such as meningitis
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Genetics (see Genes and Epilepsy).