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Carmustine Side Effects

Only vague information is available on the possible side effects of carmustine, as this is an older medication that has not been extensively studied. However, it is known that most people who use this chemotherapy drug will experience some type of side effect. Potential reactions include headaches, nausea, and low blood cell counts. Serious problems can also occur, which may require medical treatment.

An Introduction to Side Effects of Carmustine

As with any chemotherapy medicine, carmustine (BiCNU®) can cause side effects. In fact, most people will experience some type of reaction to this drug, and some side effects can be quite significant. Talk to your healthcare provider about ways to prevent or lessen reactions to this medicine.
 
(This article covers many, but not all, of the possible side effects with carmustine. Your healthcare provider can discuss a more complete list with you.)
 

Serious Carmustine Side Effects

Some side effects of carmustine are potentially serious and should be reported immediately to your healthcare provider. These include but are not limited to:
 
  • Signs of an allergic reaction, such as:
 
    • An unexplained rash
    • Hives
    • Itching
    • Unexplained swelling, especially of the mouth, lips, or throat
    • Wheezing
    • Difficulty breathing or swallowing
 
  • Signs of infection, such as:
 
    • Fever
    • Chills
    • Aches and pains
    • Sore throat
    • Shortness of breath
    • Cough
 
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • Black, tarry stools or blood in the urine
  • Signs of anemia, such as:

 

    • Extreme weakness or fatigue
    • Pale skin
    • Shortness of breath
    • Dizziness
 
  • Signs of liver problems, such as:
 
    • Yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes (jaundice)
    • Dark urine
    • Pale stool
    • Upper-right abdominal (stomach) pain
 
  • Frequent or painful urination or urinary urgency
  • Swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet
  • Shortness of breath, or a new or worsening dry cough
  • Persistent nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of vision, eye pain, or eye "floaters"
  • Severe or persistent dizziness or fainting
  • A fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Swelling, pain, redness, burning, or leakage of fluid around your injection site.
 
Know the Signs - Concussion Safety

Carmustine Drug Information

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